Comprehensive Guide on Melting Point of Brass

Comprehending a metal’s physical properties is crucial to determine its application and processing techniques. One of the essential parameters in metallurgy, engineering, and manufacturing is the melting point of brass. It is crucial to understand brass’s melting point before using it. This guide covers essential aspects, including the temperature range, influencing factors, and other heat characteristics.

Comprehensive Guide on Melting Point of Brass

Properties of Brass

Brass is a type of alloy made by combining copper and zinc. It gets its name from its yellowish color. Brass with a copper content of 62% -75% has a melting point of 934-967 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Brass has excellent mechanical and wear resistance properties, making it ideal for creating precision instruments, ship parts, gun casings, coins (such as five yen coins), and many other items. The amount of zinc in the alloy determines its color. If the zinc content is between 18% and 20%, it will have a reddish-yellow appearance, while a zinc content between 20% and 30% will appear brownish-yellow.

Ordinary brass has various applications. It can be used to create water tank straps, water supply and drainage pipes, medals, corrugated pipes, serpentine pipes, condenser pipes, shell casings, complex-shaped punched products, small hardware components, and more. As the zinc content increases from H63 to H59, it can withstand hot processing and is commonly used in various parts of machinery, electrical appliances, stamping parts, and musical instruments.

To enhance the corrosion resistance, hardness, strength, and machinability of brass, small amounts of other elements, such as tin, aluminum, manganese, iron, silicon, nickel, lead, and others (usually 1% -2%, but sometimes as much as 3% -4% or 5% -6%), are added to copper-zinc alloys to form ternary, quaternary, and even pentagonal alloys. These are known as complex brass or special brass.

Properties of Brass

What is the Melting Point of Brass?

The melting point of brass can vary due to the different proportions of copper and zinc in its composition. Generally, the melting point of brass falls between 890 °C and 1000 °C. For instance, brass containing 5% zinc has a melting point of around 875 °C, while brass containing 45% has a melting point of about 740 °C. Moreover, other types of brass, such as manganese brass and aluminum brass, that contain added manganese and aluminum can have a melting point of over 1100 °C.

Why is it Crucial to Know the Melting Points of Brass?

It is crucial to know the melting point of brass for various reasons:

1. Reducing the risk of structural failure in brass due to high temperatures above melting point.

2. Brass alloys have varying melting points based on their compositions. Knowing the precise melting temperature of the brass being used is crucial for quality assurance and maintaining desired qualities.

3. Technicians in fabrication can assess whether brass is appropriate for their project.

4. Knowing copper’s melting temperature is important when using brass in structural applications to avoid failures like creep.

5. Knowing the melting temperature of brass is important for selecting the appropriate furnace and energy source for brass manufacturing and heat treatment.

6. Maintaining melting temperature is crucial for energy-efficient manufacturing. Temperature knowledge helps design eco-friendly heating equipment.

box, screws, brass

Melting Temperature of Different Brass Grades

GradesMelting Temperature
Degrees Celcius (℃ )Degrees Fahrenheit (℉ )
Alpha Brass900 to 9651650 to 1770
Alloy 260915 to 9551680 to 1750
Alloy 360550 to 10201300 to 1690
Beta Brasses990 to 10601820 to 1950
C2101032 to 10651890 to 1950
C2201032 to 10601890 to 1940
C2301049 to 10821920 to 1980
C485932 to 10181710 to 1870
Cartridge Brass900 to 9301650 to 1710
Dezincification Brass900 to 10601650 to 1950
High Tensile Brass900 to 10601650 to 1950
Naval Brass900 to 10601650 to 1950
Phosphor Bronze893 to 9211640 to 1690
Tin Brass893 to 9321640 to 1710
White Brass899 to 10381650 to 1900
Yellow Brass900 to 10101650 to 1850

What Factors Affect the Melting Point of Brass?

Grain Size and Structure

Grain size and structure are crucial factors in determining copper’s melting temperature. The size of brass grains can affect their melting point. Larger grains may have a slightly lower melting point, while smaller grains tend to increase the melting point.


Impurities in brass alloy can affect its melting point even with small traces, altering its features and melting temperature.


Copper and zinc are the two main components of brass, and the melting point of brass alloys can differ depending on the proportion of these components.

Alloying Elements

Various brass alloys may contain additional elements such as tin, lead, aluminum, or phosphorus. Adding specific alloying components can increase or decrease the melting point based on their unique characteristics.

Heat Treatment

 Heat treatment can change the internal structure of brass, affecting its melting point and other features. Quenching, annealing, and other heat treatment processes can impact an alloy’s properties.


Variations in pressure may affect the melting point of brass; lower pressures may decrease the melting point, while higher pressures may increase it.

Typical Alloy

 Each brass alloy has unique properties, and its melting point can vary depending on its composition and intended use.

Casting Technique

The casting procedure may affect the melting point of brass. Sand-casting brass may have a lower melting point than die-cast brass.

Heating Rate

 The heated rate of brass can significantly impact its melting point. Rapid heating may result in different melting characteristics than low, regulated heating.


The melting point of brass may be affected by oxidation on its surface. Oxides act as insulators, making it harder for heat to pass through the material, affecting the melting temperature.

What Factors Affect the Melting Point of Brass?

How to Melt Brass?

Material Preparation

Ensure you collect all the necessary materials and tools before starting the process to avoid delays or interruptions.

Furnace Charging

The scrap is prepared and then placed in a furnace or crucible, which can be an electric arc, reverberatory, or induction, depending on the operation’s extent.


To enhance the quality of melted brass, fluxes such as borax or other chemical compounds are regularly used to remove oxides and contaminants from scrap.


The furnace is heated to the brass melting point, typically around 1,650°F (900°C) for commonly used brass alloys. The heating method may vary depending on the type of furnace; it can be electric, gas-fired, or a combination of both.


The melting point of brass is when it turns into a liquid. The temperature of the melted brass is closely monitored to ensure it has the correct composition and quality.


To remove any pollutants or debris that accumulate on the surface of the molten brass, skimming is used to enhance the quality of the final product.


After melting the brass, it is poured into molds using casting techniques such as pressure or gravity to create the desired shapes.

Solidification and Cooling

After casting, the brass undergoes cooling and solidification in molds, and then the brass parts are removed.

Surface Treatment

Depending on the requirements of the final product, cast brass components may undergo additional processing, such as surface treatment, polishing, or machining.

Quality Check

Quality control procedures must be carried out throughout the process to ensure the melted brass meets specific demands and specifications.

Comparing the Melting Temperatures of Brass with Other Metals

Metals have varying melting points, which can be attributed to differences in their atomic structures.

  • Brass: 930°C 
  • Copper: 1084°C
  • Aluminum: 660°C 
  • Aluminum Bronze: 1027-1038°C 
  • Carbon steel 1371 to 1593
  • Cast iron 1127 to 1204
  • Chromium: 1860°C 
  • Gold: 1063°C
  • Inconel: 1390-1425°C
  • Incoloy: 1390 to 1425°C
  • Lead: 328°C 
  • Magnesium: 349 to 649°C
  • Molybdenum: 2620°C 
  • Nickel: 1453°C 
  • Platinum: 1770°C 
  • Ruthenium: 2482°C
  • Silver: 961°C 
  • Stainless Steel: 1375 – 1530°C 
  • Titanium: 1670°C 
  • Tungsten: 3400°C 
  • Zinc: 420°C 
  • Zirconium: 1854°C
  • Vanadium: 1900°C


Which metal melts faster: copper or brass?

Copper melts faster than brass. Brass melts at 930°C (1710°F) while copper melts at 1084°C (1983°F).

Can material aluminum and brass be melted together?

Aluminum and brass can be melted together to create alloys. First, melt the aluminum and then add the brass to the melt.


The melting point of brass varies depending on the type of brass alloy, Grain Size, Structure, and other elements.

This article helps you determine whether brass is the most suitable material for your application.

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